Group photo with the course participants
The EU Facing “Hybrid Threats” Challenges course, Brussels, 13-15 December 2022
The European Security and Defence College (ESDC) had the honour of co-organising a course on the EU Facing “Hybrid Threats” Challenges together with the French Institute for Higher National Defence Studies (IHEDN). Held in Brussels between 13 and 15 December 2022, the course was a great success, with active participation and excellent outcomes. The aim of the course was to prepare civil servants and military officers from EU Member States and EU Institutions and Agencies, to effectively take positions on security policies, strategies and missions/operations. The course dealt with diplomatic, institutional, legal and operational issues related to hybrid threats and security issues at strategic level, enabling participants to form a broad overview of hybrid threat challenges. The first day of the course focused on the definition and nature of the threat and its multidimensionality, with a specific focus on hybrid threats in the space and maritime domains, disinformation and information warfare. The second day of the course began with a discussion on the strategies implemented by the EU and its Member States in order to counter hybrid threats, then continued by highlighting EU-NATO cooperation on hybrid threats and discussing how to improve resilience at European level through enhanced partnerships. The third and last day of the course focused on strategic communication at European level. We would like to thank all the keynote speakers for their excellent contributions and input, and for the very high quality of their speeches and lectures. The content of the presentations and the extremely relevant topics on current and future hybrid threat challenges triggered thought-provoking and rewarding discussions between the participants and the experts. We would like to thank all 29 participants for their confidence in the ESDC, and we will do our utmost to continue providing high-quality training.