Security Sector Reform (SSR)
The ESDC EAB SSR was established in response to the request to enhance Security Sector Reform (SSR) expertise through a training mechanism within the EU and aims to optimise the coordination and coherence of EU SSR training. The group was set up in 2013 and brings together ESDC members who offer training and expertise in the area of SSR. The EAB SSR cooperates closely with the EU Task force on SSR, with representatives from the relevant EEAS and Commission services, as well as with the ‘European Union Security Sector Governance Facility’, through its courses, meetings and seminar series. The EAB seminar series began in 2014 and identified the need for a single overarching EU SSR concept, linking the Commission’s SSR activities with CSDP. This lay the ground for the following process of the ‘EU-wide strategic framework in support of Security Sector Reform’ of 5 July 2016, followed by the ‘Council conclusions on an EU-wide strategic framework to support Security Sector Reform (SSR)’ from 14 November 2016. The seminars series has continued to support the process of implementation of the EU SSR strategic framework and aims to create synergies between policy and practice through training. Each academic year, two or three expert seminars take place in Brussels and focus on various aspects of the implementation of EU-wide SSR. The discussions have for example included case studies such as the CSDP missions in EU AM Iraq, Somalia, Central African Republic and Ukraine as well as the regionalisation in Sahel and stabilisation support in Mopti, Mali. New developments in ‘capacity building in support of security and development (CBSD)’, conflict analysis, strategic communication, theory of change relevant for EU SSR action as well as international engagement and how the EU works with SSR-partners through cooperation have also been covered. Many of the discussions in the seminars have then been integrated into the ESDC SSR training. EU-wide SSR training, including Member States, EEAS, Commission, CSDP missions and EU delegations, supports the implementation of the EU-wide framework on SSR as part of the implementation of the EU Global strategy and the integrated approach to conflict and crisis. Special attention is given to sound analysis of the overall picture and political context in order to support local ownership through good governance and accountability. The development of methods for effective SSR-implementation through mentoring and advising, leadership and communication skills, gender and human rights mainstreaming as well as risk management, monitoring and evaluation, are elements that are also emphasised during training. The ESDC offers basic, core, and in-mission courses on SSR.